Towards a Minerals Local Plan for Derbyshire and Derby

Sand and Gravel Site Assessments

Foston

Foston

Site Name: Foston

Reference Number: SG07

Proposed By: Hanson's

BACKGROUND

Site Location

Locationand General Description of Site

1.7.1 This is a newly proposed site, representing a new operation for the extraction of sand & gravel. This generally level site is situated to the south of the A50, to the west of Scropton village and to the south of Foston. Leathersley Lane passes through the middle of the site and the railway line to the south of the site forming its southern boundary. It is about 110 hectares in size and is currently in agricultural use, predominantly as arable land. There are boundary hedgerows with mature, mainly, oak trees. Two watercourses run through the site.

Resources (yield, annual output, depth of deposit)

1.7.2 The site is anticipated to yield about 8 million tonnes of sand and gravel from deposits that are 4m in depth with 1.1m of overburden. The extraction area would be about 110 hectares, yielding around 72,700 tonnes per hectare.

End Use of, and Market for, Mineral

1.7.3 The product would be used in the manufacture of concreting and building sand, and these would be sold to fixed outlets and builders' merchants, generally within a 25 mile radius of the site.

Timing and Phasing

1.7.4 Production would take place over an estimated 22.5 year period.

Plant and Access Arrangements

1.7.5 A new access would be created onto either the A50 or Leathersley Lane. The proposed operator has rights over land to the north giving the potential for access to be gained directly to the A50. The processing plant would have an estimated normal capacity of 280,000 tonnes per annum. Its location is yet to be determined.

Site History

1.7.6 There is no relevant mineral planning history for this site. It is the first time that this site has been considered, lying in the western part of the valleys, where large scale mineral extraction has so far not taken place.

SITE ASSESSMENT

ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS

Existing Infrastructure

1.7.7 This proposal would require new quarry infrastructure.

ASSESSMENT (-) New quarry infrastructure

Sterilisation of Resources

1.7.8 A new operation but would replace one elsewhere once this has been exhausted

. ASSESSMENT (-) Not an issue

1.7.9 Employment

A new operation but is unlikely to result in job losses elsewhere

ASSESSMENT (-) New operation but no related job losses

Infrastructure - Access Arrangements

1.7.10 The site only has access to a minor road, although the proposed operator has rights over land to the north giving the potential for access to be gained directly to the A50.

ASSESSMENT (--) The site has direct access to a minor road

Resources: Yield

1.7.11 The site would yield about 72,700 tonnes of sand and gravel per hectare.

ASSESSMENT (+) Yield of 50,000 - 75,000 tph

Transport - Mode of Transport to Market

1.7.12 The proposed operator expects that all material would be transported by road using HGVs.

ASSESSMENT (-) Road transport proposed

Transport - Distance to Markets

1.7.13 Processed material would generally be sold to markets within a 25 mile radius of the site.

ASSESSMENT (+) Distance to markets of 20-25 miles

ECONOMIC TOTAL 15/24

SOCIAL CONSIDERATIONS

Visual Intrusion

1.7.14 Views of the site are predominantly from Leathersley Lane and Brooms Lane and the railway, which runs along the southern boundary of the site. A public footpath also runs parallel to Leathersley Lane through part of the site. The open nature of the site means it is very visible from these public routes. Leathersley Farm to the west of the site is the only property that is in close proximity to the site. However, views from the actual farmhouse to the site are shielded by the farm storage buildings. The main views from the farmhouse are to the north and the east. There are a few residential properties which have views of this site. Sweet Holme Farm and two properties on the western edge of Scropton lie about 200m from the eastern edge of the site and are the only properties that have direct views onto a proportion of the site (the eastern third of the site). Views from Foston and the A50 to the north are obscured by dense woodland. Tutbury Castle and grounds, which is a scheduled monument and lies on higher ground to the south could, potentially, have distant views of the sites.

ASSESSMENT (-) The site has some visually sensitive receptors and some parts of the site will be visible from them

Noise

1.7.15 To a large extent, this depends on the location of the processing plant which if located on the north of the site close to the woodland, would have less impact than elsewhere on the site. However, a number of residential properties on the western side of Scropton lie within 500m of the site, although the woodland would reduce the effects of noise on properties to the north of the site.

ASSESSMENT (-) The site has some noise sensitive receptors within 500m from the boundary of the site

Nuisance Dust

1.7.16 As above, a number of properties in the village of Scropton are within 500m of the site. Scropton lies to the east of the site, in the direction of the prevailing wind. The topography is level and there is no significant tree cover on this eastern boundary.

ASSESSMENT (-) The site has some high/medium dust sensitive receptors within 500m from the boundary of the site

Air Quality/Human Health

1.7.17 There are no Air Quality Monitoring Areas near the site.

ASSESSMENT (+) Site does not lie within 1000m of an AQMA

Transport - Local Amenity

1.7.19 Any adverse effects on residential amenity would be limited.

ASSESSMENT (+) HGVs would pass few sensitive receptors to reach the main market areas

Benefits from the Proposed After-Use

1.7.20 The proposed operator has indicated that this proposal would involve restoration to the current agricultural use, although this depends to a large extent on the availability of infill material. The existing environmental value of the site is sufficiently high meaning that it is unlikely that extraction would lead to an enhancement of this value. Reclamation to the current agricultural use would appear to provide few, if any, direct benefits to the community, although in the long term, it could provide the opportunity to develop a section of the proposed multi-user trail from Hilton to Sudbury Hall. The proposed agricultural after use would provide few economic benefits to the area over and above those that exist already.

ASSESSMENT (-) Few benefits from the proposed after-use

Cumulative Impact

1.7.21 Apart from the small borrow pits developed during the construction of the A50 there are no significant impacts of past or present mineral extraction in the area but there are other commercial operations in the area which together with the proposed mineral working would impact on the village.

ASSESSMENT (-)There are not any current mineral workings in the area but there is other commercial activity in the area

Airport Safeguarding Birdstrike Issue - Potential Risk to Aircraft Safety

1.7.22 This site lies outside the birdstrike safeguarding zones for East Midlands Airport and Derby Aerodrome in an area of low risk for birdstrike.

ASSESSMENT (++) The site lies within an area where there is a low potential risk of birdstrike

SOCIAL TOTAL 20/29

ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS

Water Environment - Flooding

1.7.23 The site lies within a flood zone 3, which has the highest probability of flooding.

ASSESSMENT (--) Site lies within flood zone 3 - high probability of flooding

Water Environment - Groundwater

1.7.24 None of this site lies within a Groundwater Protection Zone.

ASSESSMENT (+) Site lies outside a Groundwater Protection Zone

Water Environment - Aquifer Protection

1.7.25 This site lies on a minor aquifer.

ASSESSMENT (-) Site lies on a minor aquifer

Ecology - Existing impacts from mineral extraction.

1.7.26 None.

ASSESSMENT (--) Only localised, limited impacts associated with mineral extraction within or adjacent to the site

Ecology - UK, regional and local BAPs priority habitats and species

1.7.27 Notable hedgerow oaks, strong tree line on Foston Brook Course. Crayfish 1993.

ASSESSMENT (-) Some areas of positive ecological value, including UK or local priority habitats or species which should be considered for protection/conservation

Ecology - Ecological coherence/Natural Areas, Wildlife Corridors/Linkages

1.7.29 Limited priority features and no connection with Dove valley due to railway to south.

ASSESSMENT (-) Few features within the site but encompassed by landscapes which have ecological coherence

Ecology - Habitat Creation

1.7.30 There are sufficient existing habitats - trees and hedgerows - to make the need for habitat enhancement or creation very limited.

ASSESSMENT (-) Existing habitats are intact and habitat creation would only provide limited biodiversity enhancement within the siteor the wider area

Landscape and Visual Amenity - Existing Impact

1.7.31 There are no impacts within the vicinity of this proposed site from former extensive mineral extraction.

ASSESSMENT (--) There are insignificant impacts associated with past mineral working

Landscape and Visual Amenity - Existing Infrastructure

1.7.32 There is no existing infrastructure and this would need to be developed for the proposed site to become operational.

ASSESSMENT (--) There is no existing infrastructure and this will need to be developed for the site to be operated

Landscape and Visual Amenity - Strength of Landscape Character

1.7.33 The site is bounded by Foston Hall plantations - Puddingbag Covert, Roundabout Covert and Fishpond Plantation to the north. The railway forms the southern boundary so the site is separated from the River Dove. Scropton village is directly to the east of the site. The site is dominated by arable fields bounded by hedgerows in variable condition. There are hedgerow oaks and a strong tree line along Foston Brook Course. The majority of the site has very few characteristics of the Riverside Meadows LCT, with the exception of a small area to the south where there are some watercourse trees of predominantly willows, ridge and furrow in the pasture and Broom's Lane with two very mature Black poplars. Overall, the landscape condition is poor.

ASSESSMENT (+) The proposed site has few characteristics that accord with the established landscape character and the condition is poor

Landscape and Visual Amenity - Visual Impact

1.7.34 Views are predominantly from Leathersley Lane and Broom's Lane. There could potentially be partial views from Maidensley Lane Farm and the west side of Scropton Village. In addition, Tutbury Castle and grounds which is a scheduled monument, could potentially have views of the sites. The site has some potential visual receptors and several parts of the sites could be visible.

ASSESSMENT (-) The site has some visual receptors and some parts of the site will be visible

Historic Environment - Designated Sites & Settings

1.7.35 None known on this site.

ASSESSMENT (+) No perceivable impact on a designation

Historic Environment - Archaeological Environment

1.7.36 Small area of ridge and furrow in the south-west corner of site. A substantial palaeochannel runs along southern edge of the site. Some recorded archaeology/artefacts.

ASSESSMENT (+) Occasional or localised earthworks and known archaeology with limited potential for buried remains

Historic Environment - Historic Landscape

1.7.37 Much altered and many boundaries removed.

ASSESSMENT (+) Remnant field patterns with significant boundary loss

Best and Most Versatile Agricultural Land

1.7.38 This site lies within an area where less than 20% of the land is likely to be best and most versatile agricultural land.

ASSESSMENT (++) The site lies within an area where there is a low likelihood of bmv land

ENVIRONMENTAL TOTAL = 33/56 (M)