Towards a Minerals Local Plan for Derbyshire and Derby

Towards a Strategy for Transporting Minerals

National and Local Policy

2          National and Local Policy

2.1       The following section explains the policy context for considering transport issues as part of the development plan process.

2.2       The Government’s vision for making sustainable transport happen is, ‘…a transport system that is an engine for economic growth, but one that is also greener and safer and improves the quality of life in our communities.’ [1]

 

Department of Transport - National Policy Statement for National Networks, December 2014

2.3       The NNNPS (paragraph 2.1) recognises that national road and rail networks that connect our cities, regions and international gateways play a significant part in supporting economic growth, as well as existing economic activity and productivity…. Well-connected and high performing road and rail networks with sufficient capacity are vital to meet the country’s long-term needs and support a prosperous economy[2].

 

National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF)

2.4       The National Planning Policy Framework [3] (NPPF) set out the Government’s planning policies and how these are expected to be applied. Further guidance is provided in the National Planning Practice Guidance (NPPG). Promoting sustainable transport is one of the twelve core principles set out in the NPPF which should underpin both plan making and decision taking.

 

2.5       The NPPF, at paragraph 30, states that encouragement should be given to solutions which support reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and reduce congestion. It requires Local Planning Authorities (LPAs) in preparing Local Plans to support a pattern of development which, where reasonable to do so, facilitates the use of sustainable modes of transport.

2.6       Transport routes don’t stop at local authority boundaries. It is important therefore, that LPAs should work together to develop strategies for the provision of viable infrastructure necessary to support sustainable development including large scale facilities such as rail freight interchanges. (NPPF, Paragraph 31).

2.7       The NPPF, at paragraph 32, states that ‘All developments that generate significant amounts of movement should be supported by a Transport Statement or Transport Assessment.

Local Plans and decisions should take account of whether:

  • The opportunities for sustainable transport modes have been taken up depending on the nature and location of the site, to reduce the need for major transport infrastructure ;
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  • Safe and suitable access to the site can be achieved for all people; and
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  • Improvements can be undertaken within the transport network that cost effectively limits the significant impacts of the development. Development should only be refused on transport grounds where the residual cumulative impacts of development are severe.’

2.8       Paragraph 34 requires local plans and decisions to ensure that developments that generate significant movement are located where the need to travel will be minimised and the use of sustainable transport modes can be maximised for the movement of goods or people. A key tool to facilitate this will be a travel plan which is required for developments that generate significant amounts of movement.

2.9       Section 13 of the NPPF sets out the Government’s policy approach towards achieving the =sustainable use of minerals. NPPF, at paragraph 143, recognises that the safeguarding of transport infrastructure is an important means of encouraging sustainable minerals transport and therefore LPAs, in preparing local plans, are required to safeguard: existing, planned and potential rail heads, rail links to quarries, wharfage and associated storage, handling and processing facilities for the bulk transport by rail, sea or inland waterways of minerals, including recycled and secondary materials; and existing, planned and potential sites for concrete batching, the manufacture of coated materials, other concrete products and the handling, processing and distribution of substitute recycled and secondary aggregate material.

 

2.10     Local plans will need to set out environmental criteria, in line with the NPPF, against which planning applications for mineral development will be assessed to ensure that permitted operations do not have unacceptable adverse impacts on the natural and historic environment or human health, including traffic impacts and take into account the cumulative effects of multiple impacts from individual sites/and/or a number of sites in the locality.

2.11     The NPPF at paragraph 162 requires that, in preparing local plans, LPAs should work with other authorities and providers to assess the quality and capacity of infrastructure for transport and its ability to meet forecast demands and take into account the need for strategic infrastructure in their areas including nationally strategic infrastructure.

 

National Planning Practice Guidance (NPPG)

2.12     National Planning Practice Guidance (NPPG) provides additional advice on how LPAs should plan for sustainable transport. It sets out key issues that should be considered in developing a transport evidence base to support the Plan. The issues specifically relating to minerals are as follows:

  • Assess the existing situation and likely generation of trips over time by all modes and the impact on the locality in economic, environmental and social terms
  • Assess the opportunities to support a pattern of development that, where reasonable to do so, facilitates the use of sustainable modes of transport
  • Identify opportunities to prioritise the use of alternative modes in both existing and new development locations if appropriate
  • Consider the cumulative impacts of existing and proposed development on transport networks
  • Assess the quality and capacity of transport infrastructure and its ability to meet forecast demands
  • Identify the short, medium and long-term transport proposals across all modes. 2.14     Policy MP5 of the Derby and Derbyshire Minerals Local Plan (2002) states that, ‘proposals for mineral development involving the transport of minerals by road will be permitted provided that there is no environmentally preferable feasible alternative to road transport, the access and capacity of the highway network are acceptable and the traffic generated would not be detrimental to road safety nor have an unacceptable impact on the environment.’2.15     The policy also makes reference to the use of traffic management measures and/or section 106 agreements to prevent the use of unsuitable roads by mineral development associated heavy goods vehicles.Local Transport Plans ‘to put emphasis on supporting a resilient economy, contributing to better safety, security and health, and improving quality of life and promoting a healthy natural environment. The preferred strategy would also aim to achieve longer term benefits of climate change, and measures to help people under the equality of opportunity goal.’Derby City Local Transport Plan (LTP3) 2011 ‘Our long-term strategy is a balanced approach for all areas of transport. We aim to make best use of our existing transport asset by maintaining the roads, managing traffic using the roads, and investing further in measures to support people who choose to travel by sustainable transport modes other than the private car. We need to invest in all these areas to make the most of opportunities for economic growth, and help the city minimise carbon emissions and adapt to climate change.’
  • 2.20     The strategy of the LTP is set out below:
  • 2.19     The Local Transport Plan applies to the area covering the administrative county of Derby City. It provides a basis for transport policy over the next 15 years to 2026.
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  • 2.18     The preferred strategy of the LTP is:
  • 2.17     The Local Transport Plan applies to the area covering the administrative county of Derbyshire County Council. It provides a basis for transport policy over the next 15 years to 2026.
  • Derbyshire Local Transport Plan April 2011 (LTP3)
  • 2.16     Local Transport Plans are required to set out a highway authority’s long-term polices and delivery plans relating to transport. They should consider the transport needs of people and freight. They should consider not only enhancements to transport services but the maintenance, operation, management and best use of assets necessary for transport delivery, taking into account environmental constraints.
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  • Current Local Plan Policy
  • 2.13     Evidence will be needed to develop, both an overarching strategy for minerals transportation and more detailed development management policies to address the transport impacts of site specific development proposals. It will also be needed to assess potential mineral sites that have been promoted by operators to determine their suitability for allocation in the Plan.

 

[1] White Paper - Creating growth, cutting carbon – making sustainable local transport happen, Dept of Transport, January 2011

[2] The Eddington Transport Study: The Case for Action 2006, NN NPS 2014, Paragraph 2.1

[3] National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF), DCLG, 2012