Towards a Minerals Local Plan for Derbyshire and Derby

Towards a Strategy for Cumulative Impacts

Historical Context for Derbyshire and Derby

3       Historical Context for Derbyshire and Derby

3.1    An important issue which affects the assessment of cumulative impacts is the baseline conditions of an area. The baseline conditions will vary from area to area and will reflect the characteristics and history of the respective areas. The baseline and the sensitivity of Derbyshire and Derby will be different from that of other counties and the level of sensitivity will also vary between different parts of the Plan area. The historical pattern and form of development are important elements in the determination of that sensitivity.

3.2    The industrial heritage of Derbyshire and Derby has had a profound impact on the economy, the quality of the environment and the social and living conditions of the area. The area is rich in minerals and the minerals industry, together with other industries it supported (particularly coal processing and metal engineering), has shaped the development of the main urban areas and villages and influenced how the area now looks. Whilst these industries provided jobs they also created adverse effects from noise, dust and pollution and have left a legacy of dereliction and contamination, which in some cases is still present many years after the industries ceased operations.

3.3    Many of these industries and the adverse impacts they generated were focused in particular parts of the Plan area.  Derby was one of the leading locations of the Industrial Revolution and thereafter major industrial premises were established in the inner city area and around Sinfin. The coal mining industry and the heavy manufacturing businesses it supported was concentrated along the eastern side of the County, whilst the area around Buxton was the focal point for large scale limestone quarries. All of the traditional deep coal mines have now closed and many of the sites have been remediated to varying degrees and restored to other uses but the area still retains some physical reminders of this past, including the presence of surface coal mining operations. In addition, the communities living in those areas have experienced the loss of jobs and a decline in the social fabric of the areas.

3.4    All of these factors contribute to the cumulative impacts which the areas have experienced and increase the sensitivity of the areas to future developments.