Towards a Minerals Local Plan for Derbyshire and Derby

Towards Strategic Sustainability Principles

Climate Change

  1. Climate Change

2.1    Introduction

The MLP will include policies to show how mineral development in Derbyshire can provide opportunities to help reduce the impacts of, and strengthen resilience to, climate change.

Further, more detailed information regarding climate change is available in the Minerals and Climate Change Supporting Paper, November 2014.



2.2     National Policy Considerations

The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) sets out that Local Plans should take account of climate change over the longer term, including factors such as flood risk, coastal change, water supply and changes to biodiversity and landscape.  It states that new development should be planned to avoid increased vulnerability to the range of impacts from climate change.  It also sets out that where new development is brought forward in areas which are vulnerable, care should be taken to ensure that risks can be managed through suitable adaptation measures, including through the planning of green infrastructure.

National Planning Practice Guidance (NPPG) sets out that effective spatial planning is an important part of a successful response to climate change as it can influence the emission of greenhouse gases. In doing so, local planning authorities should ensure that protecting the local environment is properly considered alongside the broader issues of protecting the global environment. Planning can also help increase resilience to climate change impact through the location, mix and design of development.

2.3     Vision and Objectives

A separate paper will seek your views on the emerging vision and objectives for the MLP.  They will contain matters relating to helping to mitigate the impacts of climate change, including increased flood risk, by minimising energy use and maximising the use of renewable energy and adapting appropriately to the impacts of climate change.

2.4     Duty to Co-operate

National Planning Practice Guidance sets out that in planning for minerals extraction, mineral planning authorities are expected to co-operate with other authorities on strategic matters.  Climate change by its very nature is an overarching strategic issue which the Plan must address.  It will be important, therefore, that the climate change policy of this MLP is consistent with those of other local authorities in the Plan area.

2.5     Progress So Far – What you have said and how we have responded

Climate change has been identified as a key issue from the initial stages in the preparation of the MLP.  It was raised as an issue that should be addressed in the MLP at the Stakeholder Workshop in 2009.  There was continued support shown for the inclusion of the reference to climate change in the vision and objectives of the Issues and Options paper.  This ensured that it was taken into account as a principle when developing the issues further.

The vision, objectives and issues have evolved since the Issues and Options Report was published, taking account of new national policy in the NPPF, which was published in 2012, the NPPG in 2014 and comments received through on-going engagement with communities and stakeholders.  In all these engagement exercises and responses, climate change has continued to be highlighted as an important consideration in the Plan.  Views expressed support consistently the view that the MLP should tackle this as a key issue.

As a result of national policy and views expressed on this issue, the emerging approach is to include a separate policy for climate change in the MLP.  

2.6     Climate Change and Minerals Planning

There are two key aspects of climate change that are consistently identified as being of particular relevance to minerals planning.  These are:

  • Reducing carbon emissions and the carbon footprint of the minerals industry
  • Preparing for, and adapting to, the effects of climate changeSome aspects of mineral development, particularly mineral processing, can produce significant greenhouse gas emissions. These will vary depending on the minerals involved and the ways in which they are processed. It is likely also that vehicular emissions, both on site in the extraction process and off site, as a result of transportation of the mineral to markets, will be a significant factor. Greater use of recycled aggregates helps to reduce carbon emissions. If minerals are not re-used or recycled, then more primary mineral resources have to be extracted and new products manufactured, resulting in the use of additional energy. Also, recycling and reuse of construction and demolition material on site reduces transportation, an important consideration given that they are so bulky and therefore costly to transport. There are also opportunities to increase resilience to climate change through the restoration of mineral operations. Restoration schemes, for example, could be tailored to contribute towards reducing the risk and scale of flooding through, for example, river braiding.The potential role of the MLP in climate change adaptation will depend on the nature of the changes to climate that are likely to be experienced in Derbyshire and Derby and the areas where mineral working is likely to take place. This will also need to be balanced against other objectives of the Plan. 2.9     Next Steps


    Emerging Policy SMP2: Climate Change

    Planning permission will be granted for proposals for minerals development that take account of climate change for the lifetime of the development, from construction through to operation, decommissioning and restoration.

    Proposals should incorporate measures to minimise greenhouse gas emissions (mitigation) and to allow flexibility for future adaptation to the impacts of climate change (adaptation), which may include some or all of the following:

    • Locating and designing the facility, and designing transport related to the development, in ways that seek to minimise greenhouse gas emissions,
    • Incorporating carbon off-setting measures.
    • Using renewable, decentralised, or low carbon energy sources to power the facility.
    • Incorporating measures to minimise flood risk associated with the development.

    Do you agree with this policy? Is there anything else that you think should be included? Please explain the reasons for your answer.

  • Following engagement and discussions, a draft policy has emerged, which incorporates the comments and issues that have been put forward and discussed as the Plan has developed. We are now asking for comments on the contents of this draft policy. These comments will help us to develop the policy further.
  • Climate change was not included as a specific issue in the Issues and Options Paper, so has not been assessed in the Interim Sustainability Appraisal.
  • Other measures include providing opportunities for the provision of winter water storage in reclaimed quarries and ensuring that reclamation schemes take into account the effect of climate change and, where appropriate, provide opportunities for the creation of habitat for species affected by climate change. The growing of biomass energy crops to replace use of fossil fuels could also be encouraged more widely as a possible after use on mineral sites.
  • 2.8     Adapting to Climate Change
  • In preparing the MLP, the potential to reduce harmful emissions will be considered. Developments can help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by the careful design, construction and operation of facilities, enabling energy efficient low carbon schemes for the winning and working of minerals. Measures could include use of sustainable transport or low carbon emission vehicles and the use of renewable sources to power the facility.
  • 2.7     Reducing Carbon Emissions