Towards a Minerals Local Plan for Derbyshire and Derby

Sand and Gravel Site Assessments

Swarkestone North

Swarkestone North

Site Name: Swarkestone North

Reference Number: SG02

Proposed By: Tarmac


Site Location

Locationand General Description of Site

1.2.1 This is a proposed extension to the active Swarkestone pit. The site is 100 hectares in size and is situated between the existing pit to the east and Twyford village to the west. The River Trent forms the southern boundary of the site and the A5132 the northern boundary. It is generally level, open terrain, being within the floodplain of the River Trent. It is currently in agricultural use with a mix of arable and grazing uses.

Resources (yield, annual output, depth of deposit)

1.2.2 It is estimated that this site would yield 4.5 million tonnes of sand and gravel from deposits with an average depth of 4 metres. Deposits have been classified as being of medium to high quality. The operator estimates that the annual output would be 300,000 tonnes over a 15 year period.

End Use of, and Market for, Mineral

1.2.3 The processed material would be used in the manufacture of ready mixed concrete, pipes, roof tiles, slabs and other concrete products, to markets which are generally within a 25 mile radius of the site.

Timing and Phasing

1.2.4 The operations could begin on completion of the current pit around 2020, with the site having an estimated lifespan of approximately 15 years.

Plant and Access Arrangements

1.2.5 It is proposed to utilise the existing processing plant and access road. The access joins the A5132 and lorries would generally then travel east onto the A514 before joining the A50. The normal operating capacity of the processing plant would be 300,000 tonnes of material per annum.

Relevant History

1.2.6 No specific planning history for this site although it was assessed by the MPA in 1993 for inclusion in the current adopted Minerals Local Plan but was not carried forward for further consideration because the permitted site contained sufficient reserves to sustain production at this operation for that plan period to 2006.




Existing Infrastructure

1.2.7 This proposal would utilise the existing quarry infrastructure.

ASSESSMENT (+) Use of existing quarry infrastructure

Sterilisation of Resources

1.2.8 The operation would continue the extraction of mineral using existing infrastructure

. ASSESSMENT (+) Continued use of mineral resources using existing infrastructure

1.2.9 Employment

The operation would use existing employees from the existing quarry

ASSESSMENT (+) Retention of employees

Access Arrangements to the Site

1.2.10 The operator has confirmed that the proposed extension would utilise the access of the existing adjacent operation which is direct onto the A5132. The Highways Authority (Derbyshire County Council) has assessed this as being acceptable in principle, provided there is not a material increase in vehicle movements.

ASSESSMENT (+) The site will be accessed by an A road


1.2.11 It is estimated that this site would yield 4.5 million tonnes of sand and gravel from an extraction area of 70 hectares. This equates to over 64,000 tph.

ASSESSMENT (+)Yield of 50,000-75,000 tph

Transport - Mode of Transport to Market

1.2.12 The company has confirmed that the processed material would be transported to and from this site by road.

ASSESSMENT (-) Road transport proposed

Transport - Distance to Markets

1.2.13 The operator has indicated that processed material would be transported to markets generally within 25 miles of the site.

ASSESSMENT (+) Distance of 20-25 miles to markets




Visual Intrusion (Properties and Rights of Way)

1.2.14 There are several properties from which the site is visible. There are properties in Twyford to the north-west and several individual residential properties to the north of the site including Poplars Farm, which stands adjacent to the northern site boundary. Part of the site is also visible from properties in Ingleby to the south. Only a short section of footpath runs through the north-western most section of the site, close to Twyford.

ASSESSMENT (-) The site has some visually sensitive receptors and/or some parts of the site will be visible from them


1.2.15 Some properties lie within the 500m noise contour. Properties in Twyford may be affected by working, although this could be minimised by omitting the smaller grazing fields adjacent to Twyford from the allocation and creating a noise attenuation bund on this western boundary. The main source of noise would be the processing plant. However, this would remain in its current location, which would mean only those properties that are already affected would continue to be affected, albeit for a longer period.

ASSESSMENT (-) The site has some noise sensitive receptors within 500m of the boundary of the site

Nuisance Dust

1.2.16 Some properties lie within 500m of the site. Sand and gravel is normally wet worked, with the result that dust is not a significant issue with this type of mineral extraction. The processing plant would remain in its current location and, therefore, it is likely that the working of this site would not exacerbate the current situation which conforms to environmental standards.

ASSESSMENT (-) The site has some high/medium dust sensitive receptors within 500m of the boundary of the site

Air Quality/Human Health

1.2.17 The site does not lie within 1000m of an AQMA.

ASSESSMENT (+) Thesite does not lie within 1000m of an AQMA

Transport - Local Amenity

1.2.18 HGVs travel on the A5132 on the northern edge of Barrow Upon Trent to reach the A50 from the site, and it appears that some also exit the A50/A38 and travel through Willington village to the existing site and vice versa.

ASSESSMENT (-) HGVs would pass some sensitive receptors to reach the main market areas

Benefits from the Proposed After-Use

1.2.19 In terms of environmental benefits, the proposed restoration scheme could provide net biodiversity gains as long as existing riverside habitats of palaeochannels and semi-improved grassland are retained. Restoration could potentially provide recreational opportunities in terms of the proposed water uses and improved recreational routes, particularly given that the public footpaths are severed to Twyford by the River Trent. The proposed reclamation to mainly water uses may provide some economic benefits in terms of the creation of recreational opportunities, which could create jobs and attract visitors to the area. The continued working of this site may also provide opportunities to improve the junction of the A5132 and A514.

ASSESSMENT (++) Many potential benefits from the proposed after-use

Cumulative Impact

1.2.20 There are existing mineral workings in the area and have been for a significant number of years .

ASSESSMENT (--)Impacts from past and existing mineral workings

Airport Safeguarding Birdstrike Issue - Potential Risk to Aircraft Safety

1.2.21 This site lies within the 13km birdstrike safeguarding zone for East Midlands Airport and, lying almost directly in line with the approach track flown by easterly arriving aircraft, is considered to be in a critical area for birdstrike.

ASSESSMENT (--) Site lies in an area where there is the highest potential risk of birdstrike




Water Environment - Flooding

1.2.22 The site lies within the floodplain of the River Trent, within flood zone 3 where there is a high probability of flooding. A Flood Risk Assessment has been accepted for this area and works are on-going. The EA has stated that consideration should be given to extraction from the stand-off strip, allowing widening of the river and the creation of a braided channel.

ASSESSMENT (--) The site lies within flood zone 3 - high probability of flooding

Water Environment - Groundwater

1.2.23 This site lies outside a groundwater protection zone.

ASSESSMENT (+) The site lies outside a groundwater protection zone

Water Environment - Aquifer Protection

1.2.24 This site is on a minor aquifer.

ASSESSMENT (-) Site lies on a minor aquifer

Ecology - Existing Impacts from Mineral Extraction.

1.2.25 Eastern boundary currently very unnatural with open water and reed beds. Could be improved.

ASSESSMENT (+) Localised, but moderate to high, impacts on habitats

Ecology - UK, regional and local BAPs priority habitats and species

1.2.26 Majority of site is arable land with localised improved pasture adjacent to Twyford and possibly semi-improved in field by river with palaeochannels. Limited mature/veteran trees in centre of the site. No records = Priority habitats very limited.

ASSESSMENT (-) Some areas of positive ecological value, including UK or local priority habitats or species which should be considered for protection/conservation

Ecology - Ecological coherence/Natural Areas, Wildlife Corridors/Linkages

1.2.27 Very limited features characteristic of Natural Area and very limited coherence internally or with adjacent areas east or west.

ASSESSMENT (+) The site has few characteristics that accord with the established habitats over a wider area and its internal coherence is poor

Ecology - Habitat creation

1.2.28 Wetland nature reserve being developed to the immediate east. Priority habitats could be created providing valuable net biodiversity gains as long as existing riverside habitats of palaeochannels and semi-improved grassland retained.

ASSESSMENT (++) The site offers excellent opportunities to create or enhance UK priority habitats within the site and offers biodiversity benefit over a wider area

Landscape and Visual Amenity - Existing Impact

1.2.29 The proposed site is locatedeast of Hilton and lies outside the Sherwood Sandstone area. There are localised high impacts associated with previous mineral extraction particularly to the east of this site.

ASSESSMENT (+) There are localised, moderate to high impacts associated with past mineral extraction

Landscape and Visual Amenity - Existing Infrastructure

1.2.30 There is existing infrastructure directly to theeast of the site that could be utilised.

ASSESSMENT (++) There is existing infrastructure within the vicinity of the site that can be readily and easily used

Landscape and Visual Amenity - Strength of Landscape Character

1.2.31 This site crosses two LCTs but is poorly representative of each. The majority of the land is down to arable with some localised pasture associated with smaller fields adjacent to Twyford and immediately adjacent to the River Trent. Hedgerows are generally poor, in some places missing and generally species poor (visual observation). There is a general lack of tree cover associated with field boundaries and the river. Trees are mostly associated with the semi-improved areas near the river. The overall condition of the site is average to poor. There is an isolated burial mound and some localised ridge and furrow (poor condition) within the site.

ASSESSMENT (+) The proposed site has few characteristics that accord with the established landscape character and the condition is poor

Landscape and Visual Amenity - Visual Impact

1.2.32 The site has few visual receptors - occasional properties in Twyford to the north-west and Poplars Farm adjacent to the site boundary. Large parts of the site are difficult to see due to a lack of PROWs and lanes. Overall, this site has a low visual sensitivity.

ASSESSMENT (++) The site has few or no visual receptors and/or only small parts of the site will be visible

Historic Environment - Designated Sites & settings

1.2.33 An upstanding scheduled Round Barrow lies within the site area. Consideration will need to be given to the setting of this monument.

ASSESSMENT (--) Impact on a Grade I or II * designation, SM and/or its setting

Historic Environment - Archaeological Environment

1.2.34 Cropmarks are recorded north and south of the scheduled monument. Localised palaeochannels are present and evident along the southern fringe of the site, visible as existing stream line.

ASSESSMENT (+) Occasional or localised earthworks and/or known archaeology with limited potential for buried remains

Historic Environment - Historic Landscape

1.2.35 Earlier field pattern recognisable but considerable enlargement of fields in 20th century.

ASSESSMENT (+) Remnant field patterns with significant boundary loss

Best and Most Versatile Agricultural Land

1.2.36 A significant proportion of the site lies within an area where more than 60% of the land is likely to be best and most versatile agricultural land.

ASSESSMENT (-) Site lies within an area where there is a high likelihood of bmv land