Towards a Minerals Local Plan for Derbyshire and Derby

Sand and Gravel Site Assessments

Swarkestone South

Swarkestone South

Site Name: Swarkestone South

Reference Number: SG03

Proposed By: Tarmac


Locationand General Description of Site

1.3.1 This is an extension to the existing active Swarkestone Quarry. The 140 hectare site is situated to the south-west of the existing Swarkestone Quarry, to the south of the River Trent. The river forms the northern and eastern boundary of the site for a significant length. The western boundary is formed by a private access road. Repton village is situated to the south-west and Ingleby and Foremark villages to the south-east. Being within the floodplain of the River Trent, the terrain is generally flat and open. It is in agricultural use, predominantly as pasture land, with a number of hedgerows and hedgerow trees.

Resources (yield, annual output, depth of deposit)

1.3.2 Taking account of proposed stand offs, the proposed extraction area would be around 112 hectares. It has been estimated that the site would yield saleable reserves of over 5 million tonnes of sand and gravel from deposits that average 3.5 metres in depth. Annual output is estimated at 300,000 tonnes. The lifespan of the site is estimated at 20 years.

End Use of, and Market for, Mineral

1.3.3 The company has stated that the material would be used in the production of ready mixed concrete, pipes, roof tiles, kerbs, slabs and other concrete products. Markets for the end products would generally be within a 25 mile radius of the site.

Timing and Phasing

1.3.4 It is not currently known when operations could commence but given the quantity of deposit and proposed annual extraction rates, it is estimated that operations would last 20 years.

Plant and Access Arrangements

1.3.5 The company proposes that the existing processing plant would be used and that the existing access road onto the A5132 would also be used. No details of the intended arrangements for transporting the mineral across the River Trent are known at this stage. The company estimates that there would be about 110 lorry movements per day from/to the site.

Site History

1.3.6 There is planning history for the adjacent site to the east, which was granted planning permission for the extraction of sand and gravel in 1994, and which is the current working area of the quarry. A scoping opinion was submitted for the eastern part of the site (60.3ha) in November 2015 by the mineral operator. This part contains around 2.5 million tonnes of sand and gravel.




Existing Infrastructure

1.3.7 This proposal would utilise the existing quarry infrastructure.

ASSESSMENT (+) Use of existing quarry infrastructure

Sterilisation of Resources

1.3.8 The operation would continue the extraction of mineral using existing infrastructure

. ASSESSMENT (+) Continued use of mineral resources using existing infrastructure

1.3.9 Employment

The operation would use existing employees from the existing quarry

ASSESSMENT (+) Retention of employees

Infrastructure - Access arrangements to the site

1.3.10 The site would use the existing access onto the A5132 and from there lorries would use the A50 or A38.

ASSESSMENT (+) The site would be accessed from an A road


1.3.11 It is estimated that this site would yield over 6 million tonnes of medium/high quality material from an extraction area of 112 hectares. This equates to around 54,000 tonnes per hectare.

ASSESSMENT (+) Yield of 50,000 - 75,000 tph

Transport - Mode of Transport to Market

1.3.12 Processed material would be transported by road. Use of the existing access and access road would be acceptable provided there would be no increase in number of lorry movements.

ASSESSMENT (-) Road transport proposed

Transport - Distance to Markets

1.3.13 The company intends that markets for the material would generally be within 25 miles of the site.

ASSESSMENT (+)Distance to markets of 20-25 miles




Visual Intrusion (Properties and rights of way)

1.3.14 Properties at Twyford have partial views across the river of part of the site. A residential nursing home adjoins the site to the west and has open views of the western part of the site. There are also views from Anchor Church (historic feature) to the south-east of the site boundary and from a few properties in Ingleby. There may also be long distance views of the site from properties in Willington and Barrow. The undulating topography to the south screens the majority of site from Repton and Milton. Overall, the site has a number of properties from which the site is visible. In addition, a footpath runs through the middle of the site and this forks to the north-west and to the east, the latter joining another footpath, which runs along the south-eastern boundary of the site. The majority of the site is visible from these public rights of way.

ASSESSMENT (-) The site has some visually sensitive receptors and some parts of the site will be visible from them


1.3.15 All properties in Twyford, the nearby nursing home, and two properties adjacent to the south-west boundary lie within 500m of the site. It is recognised that the principal source of noise would be from the processing plant, which would remain in its existing location. Further work will be required to assess the potential impact of working the site on properties close to the site.

ASSESSMENT (-) The site has some noise sensitive receptors within 500m of the boundary of the site

Nuisance Dust

1.3.16 All properties in Twyford, Foremark, the nursing home and two properties adjacent to the south-west boundary lie within 500m of the outer boundary of the site. There is the potential, therefore, for dust to be a problem. It is recognised that the material would be extracted in a wet condition, which would reduce significantly the potential for this to be a significant issue. However, the removal of the topsoil in the early stages of working has the potential to create some dust, but this will depend to a significant extent on the weather conditions leading up to, and during, this operation.

ASSESSMENT (-) The site has some high/medium dust sensitive receptors within 500m of the boundary of the site

Air Quality/Human Health

1.3.17 The site is not located within 1000m of an Air Quality Management Area.

ASSESSMENT (+) The site does not lie within 1000m of an AQMA

Transport - Local Amenity

1.3.18 Lorries would travel through the residential areas of either Barrow on Trent or Twyford and Willington to reach the A50/A38.

ASSESSMENT (-) HGVs would pass some sensitive receptors to reach the main market areas

Benefits from the Proposed After-Use

1.3.19 Reclamation of this site may provide some limited environmental benefits beyond what currently exists in terms of habitat creation in the eastern section of the site. The restoration of the site could provide limited opportunities for water-based recreation. There may also be potential recreation benefits in improving community access since the public footpath to Twyford is severed by the River Trent. The restoration of this site to water-based uses may provide some level of economic benefits in terms of jobs connected to the water based recreation uses and through people using the amenities.

ASSESSMENT (++) Many potential benefits from the proposed after use

Cumulative Impact

1.3.20 There are existing mineral workings in the area and have been for a significant number of years .

ASSESSMENT (--)Impacts from past and existing mineral workings

Airport Safeguarding Birdstrike Issue - Potential Risk to Aircraft Safety

1.3.21 This site lies within the 13km birdstrike safeguarding zone for East Midlands Airport and, lying almost directly in line with the approach track flown by easterly arriving aircraft, is considered to be in a critical area for birdstrike.

ASSESSMENT (--) The site lies in an area where there is the highest potential risk of birdstrike




Water Environment - Flooding

1.3.22 The site lies within the Trent floodplain within flood zone 3 where there is a high probability of flooding. A Flood Risk Assessment has been accepted for this area and works are on-going in this respect. The EA has set out that consideration should be given to extraction from the stand-off strip, allowing widening of the river and the creation of a braided channel.

ASSESSMENT (--) Site lies within flood zone 3 high probability of flooding

Water Environment - Groundwater

1.3.23 Part of the south-western section of the site lies within a groundwater source protection zone. Given that the site is located adjacent to a water course and near other surrounding water features, it would require dewatering. A detailed EIA will be required detailing the effects of this de-watering on the surrounding water environment and what mitigation measures, if any, are required to deal with any adverse impacts. Correct pollution prevention procedures will need to be followed to prevent contamination of groundwater and the surrounding water environment.

ASSESSMENT (-) The site lies within a groundwater protection zone

Water Environment - Aquifer Protection

1.3.24 This site lies on a minor aquifer.

ASSESSMENT (-) Site lies on a minor aquifer

Ecology - Existing impacts from mineral extraction.

1.3.25 None internally. The river separates this site from existing workings to the NE.

ASSESSMENT (-) Only localised, limited impacts associated with mineral extraction within or adjacent to the site

Ecology - UK, regional and local BAPs priority habitats and species

1.3.26 Extensive arable, improved and semi-improved pasture. Hedgerows intact and close cut, but species poor, lacking notable hedgerow trees. Prominent trees and mixed species hedge (oak and some poor ash) associated with green lane in the centre of the site. Stream running west to east, lined with mature alder/willow. Some palaeochannels in improved pasture. Limited extent but valuable characteristic habitats of Natural Area.

ASSESSMENT (-) Some areas of positive ecological value, including UK or local priority habitats or species which should be considered for protection/conservation

Ecology - Ecological coherence/Natural Areas, Wildlife Corridors/Linkages

1.3.27 Overall coherence is limited due to the size of fields and limited features:

  • western side has very limited habitats characteristic of Natural Area;
  • eastern side has greater coherence and contains priority habitats - large pasture on riverside (possibly good for waders) has continuity with river, stream running across and forms back drop to valuable Anchor Church Wildlife Site.
  • East side currently partially unmanaged but is capable of sustainable management.
  • WS to west, stream and Anchor Church all potentially at risk from hydrological fluctuations.

ASSESSMENT (-) The proposed site generally accords with the established habitats over a wider area but the condition of habitats is poor

Ecology - Habitat creation

1.3.28 The site offers some opportunities in the east to create habitats which would enhance the wetland nature reserve across the river to the east, but elsewhere habitats would not be well linked to wider area. Habitat creation in the east would be at the cost of losses of large flood plain meadow, indicating a potential balance of impacts and benefits.

ASSESSMENT (-) Existing habitats are intact and habitat creation would only provide limited biodiversity enhancement within the site or the wider area

Landscape and Visual Amenity - Existing Impact

1.3.29 The proposed site is located in the eastern part of the river valley and lies outside the Sherwood Sandstones area. Locally, there are insignificant impacts associated with previous mineral extraction, although there are existing and previous workings across the River Trent to the east.

ASSESSMENT (-) There are only localised, low impacts associated with past mineral extraction

Landscape and Visual Amenity - Existing Infrastructure

1.3.30 There is no existing infrastructure associated with this site. Across the river to the north and east there is an existing plant site and associated infrastructure.

ASSESSMENT (-) There is existing infrastructure within the vicinity of the site but there would be significant adverse impacts associated with connecting to it

Landscape and Visual Amenity - Strength of Landscape Character

1.3.31 The site, directly south of theRiver Trent and north of Foremark, is poorly representative of the established character of the Riverside Meadows LCT with large parts of the site now down to arable or improved pasture. Hedgerows are mostly intact and close cut, generally species poor and lacking in notable hedgerow trees. The most prominent trees (oak and some poor quality ash) are associated with the green lane that dissects the site and connects to the river. There is some localised ridge and furrow and palaeochannels within areas of improved pasture and a small section of mixed species hedgerow associated with the green lane. Overall, the landscape character is weak although there are some attractive features, some of which are in good condition.

ASSESSMENT (+) The proposed site has few characteristics that accord with the established landscape character and the condition is poor

Landscape and Visual Amenity - Visual Impact

1.3.32 Properties in Twyford have partial views across the river of part of the site. A former water works, now redeveloped for residential purposes, adjoins the site to the west and would have open views of part of the site. There are views from a minor road to the south and a green lane with public access runs through the site with views east and west. There also views from Anchor Church (historic feature, RIGS and WS) to the south-east of the site boundary that might affect its setting. Overall, the site is of high to moderate visual sensitivity.

ASSESSMENT (-/--) The site has some/many visual receptors and or some/large parts of the site will be visible

Historic Environment - Designated Sites & settings

1.3.33 None within this area.

ASSESSMENT (+) No perceivable impact on a designation and/or its setting

Historic Environment - Archaeological Environment

1.3.34 Possibly some remnant ridge and furrow and parish boundary. Extensive and visible palaeochannels within the site.

ASSESSMENT (-) Frequent, visible and interpretable earthworks and/or some known archaeology

Historic Environment - Historic Landscape Character

1.3.35 The early field pattern has largely gone but some boundaries remain.

ASSESSMENT (+) Remnant field patterns with significant boundary loss

Best and Most Versatile Agricultural Land

1.3.36 The site has similar proportions of land where there is either likely to be less than 20% bmv or between 20% and 60%. A small part in the south-western section of this site lies within an area where more than 60% of the land is likely to be best and most versatile agricultural land.

ASSESSMENT (+) The site lies in an area where there is a moderate likelihood of bmv land