Waste Plan: Big Choices

Derby & Derbyshire Waste Core Strategy: Big Choices Report

Appendix 1 Definitions


Waste is a material, a solid, liquid or gas, which was not wanted by its last user or producer. There are several ways of categorising waste. They overlap with each other, so a particular item of waste may fall into several categories.

Categorising waste includes grouping it by:
Origin – including household, industrial, commercial, mineral, agricultural.
Methods of collection – including municipal, industrial & commercial, construction &
demolition, clinical.
Character – including biodegradable liquid, biodegradable solid, inert, hazardous.
Material – including glass, paper, plastic, metal.
Last use – including packaging, tyres, vehicles, electronic equipment.
Licensing requirements – including controlled, colliery, agricultural, explosive.

Waste as a valuable resource. People sometimes see waste as rubbish – something to be got rid of. However, waste is a thing of value to the community. Waste can provide: materials for making new products; fuels to provide power and heat; compost; and engineering materials and fill for levelling or restoring derelict quarries and other sites, for preparing land for development and for the improvement of agricultural land.

Waste hierarchy

The “waste hierarchy” is a list of the government’s priorities regarding the creation and management of waste. For example, at the bottom of the list is landfill, which the government says should normally be the last resort for waste management. The plan should seek to ensure that waste is managed higher up the hierarchy. Top of the hierarchy is waste reduction. Second in the hierarchy is reuse. If the product is not suitable for reuse it may contain materials of value that can be recovered through composting, recycling or treatment with energy recovery. Only when all other levels of the hierarchy have been maximised, should disposal of material, as rubbish to landfill, be considered.

Household and municipal waste

Household waste is mainly from the councils’ household collections but includes some other wastes, notably civic amenity site waste (see “household waste recycling centres” in the Types of Facilities Paper) and street cleaning waste. Municipal waste is all the household and other waste collected by or for the district or city council. It includes some trade waste.

Industrial & commercial waste Industrial waste is from industrial premises. Commercial waste is from trade, business, sport and recreation except municipal parks, waste from which is included in municipal waste.

Construction & demolition waste

Construction and demolition waste arises from the construction, repair, maintenance and demolition of buildings and structures and from land excavation. It mostly includes brick, concrete, hardcore, subsoil and topsoil. It can contain timber and metal. Most construction & demolition waste is “inert” but it can be “hazardous” if it contains, for example, asbestos. Some industrial wastes contain an element of construction or demolition waste.

Hazardous, inert and non-hazardous wastes

Hazardous waste is any waste which is on the EC’s Hazardous Waste List or within the definition attached to the list. Some hazardous wastes can be treated to render them suitable for non-hazardous disposal; some are sent to special landfill sites or to special cells within landfill sites.

Inert waste is waste which does not undergo significant physical, chemical or biological change and complies with certain other criteria so that it is not harmful when disposed of. It contains insignificant potential for pollution and, provided it is not contaminated with non-inert wastes, does not endanger the quality of surface water or groundwater. Inert waste does not include waste which is on the hazardous list. Examples of inert waste are glass, concrete and bricks.

Non-hazardous waste is non-inert waste which is not defined as hazardous.

Waste authorities in Derby and Derbyshire

Derby City Council is responsible for ensuring the collection, treatment and disposal of the municipal waste produced in the city. It is also responsible for dealing with planning applications for sites and buildings for all types of waste management – including the waste produced by businesses and industry – and for preparing plans for guiding and controlling future development for all those types of waste.

Derbyshire County Council has similar responsibilities for the area of the county outside the city. But there are differences. The county council is not responsible for collecting waste, which is the responsibility of the borough and district councils in the county area. Also, its power to deal with planning applications and prepare development plans does not extend to land within the Peak District National Park.

The county and city councils are jointly preparing this plan in their capacities as waste planning authorities.